Configure SSL certificates and implement HTTPS for websites.

Context: cPanel

Configure SSL certificates and implement HTTPS for websites.

To configure SSL certificates and implement HTTPS for websites in cPanel, you can follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your cPanel account. Ensure that you have access to a cPanel-powered server.

  2. Once logged in, locate the "Security" or "SSL/TLS" section in the cPanel dashboard. The exact placement may vary depending on your cPanel theme or version.

  3. Within the "Security" or "SSL/TLS" section, you will find tools and options related to SSL certificates and HTTPS configuration. The primary tools for SSL management are "SSL/TLS Manager" and "Let's Encrypt SSL."

  4. To obtain an SSL certificate, click on the "SSL/TLS Manager" or "SSL/TLS" option. This will take you to the SSL/TLS management interface.

  5. In the SSL/TLS management interface, you have several options to manage SSL certificates. If you already have an SSL certificate, you can upload it using the "Upload Certificate" feature. Alternatively, you can generate a Certificate Signing Request (CSR) and use it to obtain an SSL certificate from a certificate authority (CA).

  6. If you prefer to use a free SSL certificate, you can use the "Let's Encrypt SSL" option in cPanel. This tool allows you to easily generate and install free SSL certificates provided by Let's Encrypt.

  7. Click on the "Let's Encrypt SSL" option and select the domain or domains for which you want to obtain SSL certificates. Follow the prompts to generate and install the SSL certificates.

  8. After obtaining or installing the SSL certificate, you need to configure your website to use HTTPS. There are a few ways to do this:

    • Force HTTPS in cPanel: In the "Security" or "SSL/TLS" section of cPanel, you may find an option to force HTTPS. Enabling this option will redirect all HTTP traffic to HTTPS.

    • Edit .htaccess file: If you have access to the .htaccess file for your website, you can add rules to redirect HTTP to HTTPS. Open the .htaccess file and add the appropriate directives. Here's an example:

      RewriteEngine On RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI} [L,R=301]
    • Update website configuration: If you have a CMS or website framework like WordPress or Joomla, you can often configure the HTTPS settings within the CMS settings or configuration files. Look for options related to site URL or HTTPS in the CMS settings.

  9. After implementing HTTPS, it's important to verify that your website is working correctly over HTTPS. Test different pages and functionality to ensure everything is functioning as expected. Also, check for mixed content warnings, which indicate that some resources are still being loaded over HTTP instead of HTTPS. You may need to update your website's code or configurations to resolve these issues.

  10. Periodically renew your SSL certificate to ensure continuous security. If you're using a Let's Encrypt certificate, it may have a specific validity period, typically 90 days. Consider setting up auto-renewal or configuring reminders to renew your SSL certificate before it expires.

It's important to note that the specific steps and options may vary depending on your cPanel version or the configurations of your hosting provider. If you encounter any difficulties or have questions about configuring SSL certificates and implementing HTTPS, consult your hosting provider's documentation or contact their support for further assistance.

You should also read: